Why many foreign pilots are employed in the Indian aviation industry? Is it due to their higher level of expertise or due to lack of availability of trained pilots in India or due to any other reason? Your views?
When India opened up the skies for competion of private domestic operators, there was a sudden spurt in demand for qualified pilots to fly the planes of the domestic players. What the dorstic aviation comprnies did to get qualified pilots was "poaching "., meaning luring Air India pilots an to some extent Air Force Pilots, offering them irresistable compensation package. Still unable to get sufficient pilots, these domestic carriers went for acquiring aircrafts on"wet leasing", a term implying taking aircraft on lease along witha Pilot. This wet leasing is done by Air India also. The foreign pilots found their way to the Indian aviation industry through wet leasing and also by hiring. It is said even now there is a dearth of trained pilots in the country. Because, earlier when a pilot was hired, he was given further training to fly specific aircrafts like Airbus or the Boeing (so many varities of Boeing ), by the Management. But this training being very expensive, the managements are
Your vote on this answer has already been received
(1) Boom in the aviation sector leading to a phenomenal surge in demand for pilots. In good old days, there were only Air India plus Indian Airlines. The supply and demand always matched. Then came the boom with the entry of private sector airlines. Now you could see any Tom, Dick and Harry setting up his / her own airlines. But where are the pilots to fly them. Demand outstripped the supply. Naturally, the pilots had to be hired from abroad. That is why we see many expat pilots.
(2) There has always been a complaint that Indian pilots lack expertise, which I do not understand. That may not be wholly true. It may be an excuse also. Anyway, it was one of the reasons also for the hiring of expat pilots. However, a lot of expat pilots have been sent home now due to the grounding of several private sector airlines who simply do not have passengers to fly. Blame it on economic recession and sky high oil prices and air fares. People now prefer to travel less than they used to be.