The veena has a recorded history that dates back to the Vedic period.
In ancient times, the tone vibrating from the hunter's bow string when he shot an arrow was known as the Vil Yazh. The Jya ghosha (musical sound of the bow string) is referred to in the ancient Atharvaveda. Eventually, the archer's bow paved the way for the musical bow. Twisted bark, strands of grass and grass root, vegetable fibre and animal gut were used to create the first strings. Over the veena's evolution and modifications, more particular names were used to help distinguish the instruments that followed. The word veena in India was a term originally used to generally denote "stringed instrument", and included many variations that would be either plucked, bowed or struck for sound.
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Veena is the instrument played by Goddess Saraswati. This instrument can be played individually without accompanying any vocal artist., the Indian Lute. This instrument has two Kudams - large resonator (kudam) carved and hollowed out of a log, one small and one big to bring out a distinct sound. It is a member of the lute family with Origin of south India.