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Kitturu Rani Chennamma (Kannada:ಕಿತ್ತೂರು ರಾಣಿ ಚೆನ್ನಮ್ಮ),(1778 - 1829) was the queen of the princely state Kittur in Karnataka. In 1824, thirtythree years before the 1857 war of independence she led an armed rebellion against the British in response to the Doctrine of lapse. The resistance ended in her martyrdom and she is remembered today as one of the earliest Indian rulers to have fought for independence. Along with Abbakka Rani, Keladi Chennamma and Onake Obavva she is much venerated in Karnataka as an icon of bravery and women's pride.