Monkombu Sambasivan Swaminathan (Tamil: ; Hindi: . . ; born 7 August 1925) is an Indian agriculture scientist in Kumbakonam, Tamilnadu. He was the second of four sons of a doctor. He is known as the "Father of the Green Revolution in India", for his leadership and success in introducing and further developing high-yielding varieties of wheat in India. He is the founder and Chairman of the MS Swaminathan Research Foundation. His stated vision is to rid the world of hunger and poverty. Dr. Swaminathan is an advocate of moving India to sustainable development, especially using environmentally sustainable agriculture, sustainable food security and the preservation of biodiversity, which he calls an "evergreen revolution"  In 1999, Time magazine placed him in the Time 20 list of most influential Asian people of the 20th century.