In 1817 the 'Hobby Horse' was invented by Karl von Drais. Made of wood, this was basically like a bicycle with the pedals, gears and chain removed - you pushed it along with your feet, but was faster than walking. The Scot Kirkpatrick Macmillan first put pedals on a bicycle in about 1840. In 1861, Pierre Michaux invented the 'Velocipede' - penny farthing. Then the 'Safety Bicycle' with chain drive and gearing, driving the rear wheel, was popularised from 1885 by the 'Rover', a design by John Kemp Starley. The introduction of the pneumatic tyre, patented by John Boyd Dunlop in 1888, improved rider comfort and helped to encourage public acceptance of the new design.