Audio transformers are "wide band" transformers. In essence a "transformer" is two or more windings coupled by a common magnetic field. It is this magnetic field which provides the means to pass voltages and currents from the primary winding to the secondary winding when alternating current flows!!
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Audio transformers are those specifically designed for use in audio circuits. They can be used to block radio frequency interference or the DC component of an audio signal, to split or combine audio signals, or to provide impedance matching between high and low impedance circuits, such as between a high impedance tube (valve) amplifier output and a low impedance loudspeaker, or between a high impedance instrument output and the low impedance input of a mixing console.
Such transformers were originally designed to connect different telephone systems to one another while keeping their respective power supplies isolated, and are still commonly used to interconnect professional audio systems or system components