Who discovered the cause of malaria?
There are four parasite species that cause malaria: Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium ovale, Plasmodium falciparum, and Plasmodium malariae. The life cycle of the malarial parasite begins when a female mosquito bites a person with malaria. Malaria has infected humans for over 50,000 years, and may have been a human pathogen for the entire history of our species.
Indeed, close relatives of the human malaria parasites remain common in chimpanzees, our closest relatives.References to the unique periodic fevers of malaria are found throughout recorded history, beginning in 2700 BC in China.
The term malaria originates from Medieval Italian: mala aria "bad air"; and the disease was formerly called ague or marsh fever due to its association with swamps.
Scientific studies on malaria made their first significant advance in 1880, when a French army doctor working in Algeria named Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran observed parasites inside the red blood cells of people suffer ...more