Marie Curie died in 1934, of what was described as an aplastic pernicious anaemia of rapid, feverish development. This was nearly identical a diagnosis given for the first reported radiation-related death of a radium dial painter. "Rapidly progressing anaemia of the pernicious type" (Martland 1925). It is argued that her death was not a result of Radium exposure because pernicious anaemia believed to be caused by radiation exposures. it is quite likely that her doctor had misdiagnosed her illness, Indeed, her daughter, Eve Curie, wrote (1937): "the abnormal symptoms, the blood tests, differing from those in any known case of pernicious anaemia, accused the true criminal: radium." Marie's eldest daughter and collaborator, Irene Curie, died in her mid-50s of leukaemia. Reference: Curie, E. Madame Curie. Doubleday; Garden City, NY; 1937. Paul Frame, CHP, Ph.D.