Babylon was founded in the latter part of the third millennium by a man named Nimrod. It was originally called Babel, meaning confusion. It was here that the Bible says God confused the languages of mankind. In later centuries, city builders came and went.
According to History World, in 1790 B.C. Hammurabi began to rule over Babylon. He enlarged the city, strengthened it, and made it the capital of an empire and society based on the rule of law. He had his now famous law code inscribed on an upright stone pillar.
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Babylon (Arabic: , Babil; Akkadian: Bbili(m); Sumerian logogram: K.DINGIR.RAKI; Hebrew: , Bbel; Greek: , Babyln) was an Akkadian city-state (founded in 1867 BC by an Amorite dynasty) of ancient Mesopotamia, the remains of which are found in present-day Al Hillah, Babylon Province, Iraq, about 85 kilometers (55 mi) south of Baghdad. All that remains of the original ancient famed city of Babylon today is a mound, or tell, of broken mud-brick buildings and debris in the fertile Mesopotamian plain between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The city itself was built upon the Euphrates, and divided in equal parts along its left and right banks, with steep embankments to contain the river's seasonal floods.