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Q.

When & by whom India's first satellite, was successfully launched into a near earth orbit ?

Tags: india, science, technology
Asked by jameel ahmed, 17 Feb '12 10:35 am
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Answers (4)

1.

Aryabhatta, India's first satellite, built by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), was launched by the Soviet Union on 19 April 1975 from Kapustin Yar.
Answered by Anil K Chugh, 17 Feb '12 11:24 am

 
  
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2.

Aryabhata, Indias first satellite, was successfully launched into a near earth orbit on 19 April 1975, from a USSR cosmodrome. The launch of the satellite proved Indias indigenous capability in satellite technology. The satellite also included three scientific experiments. The launch of the satellite not only proved the Indias capability but also created the expert scientists and engineers who contributed significantly in launching Indias first mission to Moon, Chandrayaan-I.A ground station was also set up at Sriharikota near Madras for command and tracking purpose. The satellite was fabricated at HAL, Bangalore. The most of the components used to build the satellite were imported. However, ISRO did gain valuable experience in thermal and power control systems, stabilization and attitude sensor systems, orbiter prediction, telemetry, tracking and telecommand through in-orbit operation and experiment. It was in the orbit till 11 April, 1981.
Source: indian space station
Answered by Ataur Rahman, 17 Feb '12 10:36 am

 
  
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3.

Aryabhatta was the first satellite launched by India. It was named after the great Indian astronomer of the same name. Aryabhatta weighed 360kg and was launched by the Soviet Union on April 19, 1975 from Kapustin Yar using a Cosmos-3M launch vehicle.

By ISRO
Answered by ajay, 17 Feb '12 10:38 am

 
  
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4.

Aryabhatta was the first satellite launched by India. It was named after the great Indian astronomer of the same name. Aryabhatta weighed 360kg and was launched by the Soviet Union on April 19, 1975 from Kapustin Yar using a Cosmos-3M launch vehicle.

The satellite had following objectives:

To indigenously design and fabricate a space-worthy satellite system and evaluate its perfromance in orbit.
To evolve the methodology of conducting a series of complex operations on the satellite in its orbital phase.
To set up ground-based receiving, transmitting and tracking systems.
To establish infrastructure for the fabrication of spacecraft systems.

Aryabhatta carried experiments related to X-Ray Astronomy, Solar Physics and Aeronomy. The satellite re-entered the Earth's atmosphere on 11 February 1992.
Answered by saranathan Narasimhan, 18 Feb '12 04:39 pm

 
  
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