Using your phone's internet browser
go to:  qna.rediff.com
Click and drag this link to
the Home icon in your browser.
Q.

What was the Impact of Islamic civilization on Europe during the crusades ??

Tags: europe, impact, politics & government
Asked by chela, 28 Feb '12 01:41 pm
  Invite a friend  |  
  Save  |  
 Earn 10 points for answering
Answer this question  Earn 10 points for answering    
4000 characters remaining  
  
    
Keep me signed inNew User? Sign up

Answers (4)

 
1.

C.H. Haskins7 said: 'The broad fact remains that the Arabs of Spain were the principal source of the new learning for Western Europe.'
They are the ones who placed the fundamentals from which modern civilization advanced. Whoever reviews the 'Dictionary of Technical Terms for Aerospace' 8 would certainly conclude that sixty percent of the known stars are given names that are derived from Arabic.

The books and works of early Muslim scholars were the main resource texts which the West benefited from, especially the Europeans who used these works during the Renaissance period. Many of these texts were used in European universities.

Marquis of Dufferin and Ava said:

'It is to Mussulman science, to Mussulman art, and to Mussulman literature that Europe has been in a great measure indebted for its extrication from the darkness of the Middle Ages.' 9

Scientific knowledge that originated in India, China and the Hellenistic world was sought out by Muslim scholars and then translate ...more
Answered by ignoreme, 28 Feb '12 01:53 pm

 
  
Report abuse
Useful
 (2)
Not Useful
 (1)
Your vote on this answer has already been received
2.

These testimonies by impartial Westerners came to respond to this:

Etienne Dinet[1] says: The credit should go to the Muslim philosopher Ibn Rushd - who lived in Andalusia (1120-1198 A.D) - for the introduction of freedom of opinion - which we should not mix with atheism - to Europe. In the middle age in Europe, free thinkers showed enthusiasm for his explanations of Aristotle. These explanations had a strong Islamic nature. We can truly consider that the intellectual trend which resulted from this enthusiasm towards Ibn Rushd was the basis of the modern logical thinking, in addition to being part of the foundations for religious reform.[2]

Sigrid Hunke says: A torrential stream of Arab thought and the material of truth and science was refined by Arabs who put it in order and presented in an ideal way that swept through Europe In the European centres of science, every single scientist extended his hands to these Arab treasures to take from them a lot every single book published i ...more
Answered by z, 28 Feb '12 01:46 pm

 
  
Report abuse
Useful
 (4)
Not Useful
 (0)
Your vote on this answer has already been received
3.

The crusades are wars that continued for about two centuries starting from the end of the 5th Hijri century/11th Gregorian century in (490 A.H/1097A.D) until the fall of the last bastion of crusaders in the hands of Mamelukes in (690 A.H/1291 A.D). That period is considered to be one of the most important liaison points or points where influence and copying took place. Although the crusaders came to the Islamic Mashreq seeking war rather than knowledge, they were influenced by Islamic civilization. The crusaders copied as much as they could of the Muslims achievements to Europe, which was suffering from backwardness and degeneration at the time.

Gustav Lebon says: The link between the Occident and the Orient for two centuries was one of the strongest factors for the development of civilization in Europe those who want to know the influence of the Orient on the Occident have to understand the state of civilization of the peoples of both sides. As the Orient was enjoying flourishing ...more
Source: google
Answered by Ignorants, 28 Feb '12 01:44 pm

 
  
Report abuse
Useful
 (3)
Not Useful
 (1)
Your vote on this answer has already been received
4.

It is obvious that even in the present situation in Europe a certain constellation of interests sustains those age-old stereotypes. Since the end of Communism and the disappearance of the related friend-enemy-pattern Islam has functioned as a surrogate for the former enemy stereotype through which the West tries to ideologically assert its worldwide hegemony. Islamic-Christian relations in Europe are affected by this new international constellation in which Islam is portrayed as a threat to European identity and security. Samuel Huntington's thesis of a "clash of civilizations"7) serves as a justification for the prolongation of the above-described historical stereotypes. The existence of sizable Islamic communities -- mainly of migrant workers -- in Europe has increasingly led to hostile reactions. These communities are frequently portrayed as a threat to the social and cultural cohesion of Europe. Under those circumstances it is very difficult to preserve a climate of dialogue and co ...more
Source: google search
Answered by anil garg, 28 May '12 05:21 pm

 
  
Report abuse
Useful
 (0)
Not Useful
 (0)
Your vote on this answer has already been received

Ask a Question

Get answers from the community

600 characters remaining

Related Answer

Q.
A

It is such a huge topic that space is not enough even for a start few quotes from very famous Historians of credibility is provided below American his..more

Answered by truth exposed