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Dry wine is wine that has been fermented until all the natural sugar that was present in the grapes has been consumed. It therefore has the maximum amount of alcohol possible for the type of grapes used in making the wine. Recipes call for dry wines to avoid the sweetness a sweet or semisweet wine would add to the dish.
Some of the leading dry white wines are Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc and Riesling. Some of the leading dry red wines are Zinfandel, Cabernet Sauvignon, Bordeaux, Pinot Noir, Grignolino, and Ctes-du-Rhne.