Holy Quran speaks of a promise taken from mankind before each individuals creation, from this it is clear that we don't had any previous birth:
"When thy Lord drew forth from the Children of Adam - from their loins - their descendants, and made them testify concerning themselves, (saying): "Am I not your Lord (who cherishes and sustains you)?"- They said: "Yea! We do testify!" (This), lest ye should say on the Day of Judgment: "Of this we were never mindful (Al-Araf, 7/172).
Below Verse states that after this life back to pavilion.
"Every soul shall have a taste of death: and We test you by evil and by good by way of trial. to Us must ye Return."
"The likeness of the life of the present is as the rain which We send down from the skies: by its mingling arises the produce of the earth- which provides food for men and animals: (It grows) till the earth is clad with its golden ornaments and is decked out (