What is Dwaita philosphy? what are the salient features of it ?
Dvaita Vedanta (dualistic conclusions of the Vedas) espouses dualism by theorizing the existence of two separate realities. The first and the more important reality is that of Vishnu or Brahman. Vishnu is the supreme Self, God, the absolute truth of the universe, the independent reality. The second reality is that of dependent but equally real universe that exists with its own separate essence. Everything that is composed of the second reality, such as individual soul (Jiva), matter, etc. exist with their own separate reality. The distinguishing factor of this philosophy as opposed to Advaita Vedanta (monistic conclusion ...more
Dwait (dual) concept sees the both as different from each other. Lord Krishna told Arjun, "Never was there a time when I did not exist, nor you, nor all these kings; nor in the future shall any of us cease to be." This is taken as proof of the plurality of the individual soul and of the Lord
Adwait concept sees no difference between Param-aatma and aatma. Like the drop of water and the ocean they merge together and become non-different from each other
In his expositions, Madhva shows the influence of the Nyaya philosophical school. He maintains that Vishnu is the supreme God, thus identifying the brahman, or absolute reality, of the Upanishads with a personal god, as Ramanuja (c. 10501137) had done before him. There are in Madhvas system three eternal, ontological orders: that of God, that of soul, and that of inanimate nature. The existence of God is demonstrable by logical proof, though only scripture te ...more