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Q.

What determines the speed at which birds fly?

Tags: science, environment, technology
Asked by anupama kumar, 18 Nov '09 07:45 pm
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Answers (4)

 
1.

Aerodynamic scaling rules that explain how flight varies according to weight and wing loading have been used to compare general speeds of a wide range of flyers, from the smallest insects to the largest aircraft. In a paper published this week in the open access journal PLoS Biology, Thomas Alerstam, Mikael Rosen, and colleagues from the University of Lund in Sweden analyze the flight speeds of 138 bird species and overturn the general assumption that maximum flight speed of a species is solely determined by such rules. Flight speed doesnt just depend on the size of the bird (mass and wing loading), but also reflects functional constraints and the evolutionary lineage of the species in question.
Answered by atoz, 18 Nov '09 07:47 pm

 
  
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2.

Natural phenomena
Answered by anil garg, 18 Nov '09 08:07 pm

 
  
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3.

Aerodynamic scaling rules that explain how flight varies according to weight and wing loading
Answered by jameel ahmed, 18 Nov '09 07:50 pm

 
  
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4.

Thomas Alerstam, Mikael Rosen, and colleagues from the University of Lund in Sweden analyze the flight speeds of 138 bird species and overturn the general assumption that maximum flight speed of a species is solely determined by such rules. Flight speed doesn't just depend on the size of the bird (mass and wing loading), but also reflects functional constraints and the evolutionary lineage of the species in question.

The authors argue that only empirical measurements of flight speeds enable you to evaluate how general such aerodynamic rules really are. They used tracking radar measurements of the cruising speeds of migrating birds (collected by themselves and others) to do the analysis and provide the comprehensive dataset with the paper (e.g. this contains the flight speed of approximately one-third of all European bird species).

Their analysis reveals that the difference between the speed of small and large birds is not as great as expected; they suggest that this surprising re ...more
Answered by Shan Real, 18 Nov '09 07:49 pm

 
  
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