Using your phone's internet browser
go to:  qna.rediff.com
Click and drag this link to
the Home icon in your browser.
Q.

Why Jabir ibn Hayyan (Geber), is considered as the father of chemistry, for what discoveries and inventions ?

Tags: money, entertainment, news & events
Asked by truth exposed, 26 Nov '12 03:54 pm
  Invite a friend  |  
  Save  |  
 Earn 10 points for answering
Answer this question  Earn 10 points for answering    
4000 characters remaining  
  
    
Keep me signed inNew User? Sign up

Answers (4)

 
1.

Jabir's major contribution was in the field of chemistry. He introduced experimental investigation into alchemy, which rapidly changed its character into modern chemistry. On the ruins of his well-known laboratory remained after centuries, but his fame rests on over 100 monumental treatises, of which 22 relate to chemistry and alchemy. His contribution of fundamental importance to chemistry includes perfection of scientific techniques such as crystalization, distillation, calcination, sublimation and evaporation and development of several instruments for the same. The fact of early development of chemistry as a distinct branch of science by the Arabs, instead of the earlier vague ideas, is well-established and the very name chemistry is derived from the Arabic word al-Kimya, which was studied and developed extensively by the Muslim scientists.

Perhaps Jabir's major practical achievement was the discovery of mineral and others acids, which he prepared for the first time in his alembi ...more
Source: google search
Answered by anil garg, 26 Nov '12 03:56 pm

 
  
Report abuse
Useful
 (1)
Not Useful
 (0)
Your vote on this answer has already been received
2.

Search Google to know the answer.
Answered by amitava duttamajumdar, 30 Jul '13 03:52 pm

 
  
Report abuse
Useful
 (1)
Not Useful
 (0)
Your vote on this answer has already been received
3.

Jaber Bin Hayyan is one of the world's most great scientists (born in 721- died in 815 ) was an Arabic scientist who lived in Iraq . He was an Arabic doctor and chemist, and the first to work and become a genius in old Chemistry where even Arab called general chemistry as "handiwork of Jaber". Jaber was the one who liad the foundations for modern and contemporary scientific chemistry. Studied under Imam Jafarr Alsadik.
Some of his discoveries in chemistry :

- Discovered "caustic soda" or Gatron
- First to evoke water gold.
- First to introduce the method of separation of (NaOH)
- First to discover nitric acid.
- First to discover hydrochloric acid .
- First to retrieve the sulfuric acid and termed it Alzaj oil .
- Introduced improvements to the evaporation methods of liquidation, distillation, fusion and crystallization . ...more
Answered by saranathan Narasimhan, 26 Nov '12 03:58 pm

 
  
Report abuse
Useful
 (0)
Not Useful
 (0)
Your vote on this answer has already been received
4.

The alembic still and many chemicals, including distilled alcohol, and established the perfume industry.
Early forms of distillation were known to the Babylonians, Greeks and Egyptians since ancient times, but it was Muslim chemists who first invented pure distillation processes which could fully purify chemical substances. They also developed several different variations of distillation (such as dry distillation, destructive distillation and steam distillation) and introduced new distillation aparatus (such as the alembic, still, and retort), and invented a variety of new chemical processes and over two thousand chemical substances.
Answered by Ataur Rahman, 26 Nov '12 03:55 pm

 
  
Report abuse
Useful
 (0)
Not Useful
 (0)
Your vote on this answer has already been received

Ask a Question

Get answers from the community

600 characters remaining

Related Answer

Q.
A

Political science, as currently conceived, is a relatively new concept that dates to the nineteenth-century United States. Prior to this time, the stu..more

Answered by Atiksh