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Q.

HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND CIVILISATION - Can you Identify some Examples of well-known plagiarism in Science ?

Tags: education, examples, history
Asked by truth exposed, 28 Dec '11 12:34 pm
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Answers (3)

 
1.

The achievements of Muslim scientists in astronomy, physics, biology, medicine, chemistry, and mathematics are poorly known. Many of the known achievements are attributed to Western scientists. For example, the discovery and the whole concept of planetary motion is attributed to Kepler and Copernicus while not crediting the contribution of Ibn Al-Shatir, the Damascene astronomer (1304-1375 A.D) who, among his works, wrote a major book entitled " Kitab Nihayat al-Sul fi Tashih al-Usul" ( A Final Inquiry Concerning the Rectification of Planetary Theory) on a theory which departs largely from the Ptolemaic system known at that time. In his book " Ibn al-Shatir, an Arab astronomer of the fourteenth century, E.S.Kennedy wrote " what is of most interest, however, is that Ibn al-Shatir's lunar theory, except for trivial differences in parameters, is identical with that of Copernicus (1473-1543 A.D)." The discovery that the models of Ibn al-Shatir are mathematically identical to those of Coper ...more
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Answered by anil garg, 06 Jan '12 12:58 am

 
  
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2.

Such plagiarism and the practice of scientific dishonesty against Muslim scholars are not little. Let's enumerate the following facts:

- Sociology was attributed to the Jewish French Durkheim[7], while Muslim scholar Ibn Khaldun was the one who discovered and founded this science -

- The laws of motion were attributed to Isaac Newton, while the two Muslim scholars Ibn Sina and Hibatullah ibn Malka[8] discovered these laws as will be explained later.

- In Roger Bacon's[9] book known as (Cepus Majus) we found a whole chapter, namely chapter five, which was nothing but a literal translation of Ibn Al-Haytham's book Al-Manazir. In his book, Bacon has never mentioned the original author of the article.

All this happened to Muslims, but Muslims had a different approach, namely scientific honesty and attribution of effort and credit to their makers. This approach made none of them claim a scientific discovery of other scientists from other civilizations. Rather, their books were ...more
Answered by hazir jawab, 28 Dec '11 12:36 pm

 
  
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3.

Civil
Answered by NadeemAli, 14 Jan '12 12:58 am

 
  
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