Bhavnagar has been a port city for many years trading with African nations on the east coast. It is cultural capital of Saurashtra and is also an education centre.
Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Institute, a CSIR institute is located in Bhavnagar. It was one of the richest princely states before it was merged in the Indian Union after independence of India.
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Home to socialism, reforms, and cultural legacy, Bhavnagar is considered a city of education and culture, and is known as the cultural capital of Saurashtra. People of Bhavnagar are considered to be easy-going, and art-loving. The artists and literary luminaries of Bhavnagar have immensely contributed to the culture of the city.