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Q.

What does the term 'Shruti ' and 'laya' mean in the field of music?

Tags: music, sports, education
Asked by puranam mahalaxmi, 24 Nov '12 09:05 pm
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Answers (3)

 
1.

Hi Laxmi , love to see your passion in music ..thats great !

I am a bit puzzled thinking how to start the discussion on the topic since the question is so simple but yet a tough one .

Shruti - lets understand the term in a very simple way -- Shruti means SUR the frequency that we we create striking in the air . shruti is sound /dhwani . there is sound everywhere . but all sounds are not suiatble for music . only suitable sounds for music is termed as Shruti . Dhwani- Naad -shruti --- experts have defined and classified the sound of universe as Dhwani - sounds (bad or good) then NAAD - melodious sound - and its classifications are Magnitude (the size of sound) ,Timber ( source of sound )and Pitch ( variation of sound - high /low)
In music Theory - In sanskrit "Shruyate eti Shruti "shruti is something which is audible - In music the atom of sound is shruti !!

Laya - tempo - speed- beat -taal . if you ask me what is Laya - is the speed of a song . there is well going prover ...more
Answered by joyesh chakraborty, 25 Nov '12 11:44 pm

 
  
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2.

Laya means sur .like sur and taal or laya and taal ,i dont know never heard about it
Answered by krish, 24 Nov '12 09:12 pm

 
  
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3.

Shruti means pitch. The pitch of the sound must be uniform for any music to be melodious. If the pitch varies, the swaras may be correct and there will not be any apaswaras. But when shruti means goes up and down, it gives a feeling that the song is sung with apaswara. Laya means the scale of the music. The scale also must be uniform. If it varies between ucha sthayi and neecha sthaayi, the frequency of the note suffers and again leads to apaswara.

When shruti and laya are maintained properly, music is melodious to ears.
Answered by Seshadri Srinivasan, 25 Nov '12 11:38 am

 
  
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