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Q.

What bis Nyaya school in Hindu philospophy?

Tags: nyaya, hindu philospophy
Asked by sudhakar kuruvada, 19 Mar '13 07:20 pm
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Answers (4)

 
1.

The Nyaya school is based on the Nyaya Sutras. They were written by Aksapada Gautama, probably in the second century BCE.[20] The most important contribution made by this school is its methodology. This methodology is based on a system of logic that has subsequently been adopted by the majority of the Indian schools. This is comparable to the relationship between Western science and philosophy, which was derived largely from Aristotelian logic.
Nevertheless, Nyaya was seen by its followers as more than logical in its own right. They believed that obtaining valid knowledge was the only way to gain release from suffering, and they took great pains to identify valid sources of knowledge and distinguish these from mere false opinions. According to Nyaya, there are exactly four sources of knowledge: perception, inference, comparison, and testimony. Knowledge obtained through each of these is either valid or invalid. Nyaya developed several criteria of validity. In this sense, Nyaya is prob ...more
Answered by LIPSIKA, 19 Mar '13 07:26 pm

 
  
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The Nyaya school is based on the Nyaya Sutras. They were written by Aksapada Gautama, probably in the second century BCE.[20] The most important contribution made by this school is its methodology. This methodology is based on a system of logic that has subsequently been adopted by the majority of the Indian schools. This is comparable to the relationship between Western science and philosophy, which was derived largely from Aristotelian logic
Answered by iqbal seth, 20 Mar '13 08:09 am

 
  
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The term nyya traditionally had the meaning formal reasoning, though in later times it also came to be used for reasoning in general, and by extension, the legal reasoning of traditional Indian law courts. Opponents of the Nyya school of philosophy frequently reduce it to the status of an arm of Hindu philosophy devoted to questions of logic and rhetoric. While reasoning is very important to Nyya, this school also had important things to say on the topic of epistemology, theology and metaphysics, rendering it a comprehensive and autonomous school of Indian philosophy.

The Nyya school of Hindu philosophy has had a long and illustrious history. The founder of this school is the sage Gautama (2nd cent. C.E.)not to be confused with the Buddha, who on many accounts had the name Gautama as well. Nyya went through at least two stages in the history of Indian philosophy. At an earlier, purer stage, proponents of Nyya sought to elaborate a philosophy that was distinct from contrary daranas. ...more
Answered by anil garg, 20 Mar '13 01:18 am

 
  
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Justice
Answered by conviction, 19 Mar '13 07:23 pm

 
  
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