On the one hand, there is a growing demand for strengthening the 'panchayati' raj system as there is a widespread 'realisation' that genuine powers, functions and the resources to match them have not yet reached the 'panchayats'. On the other hand, there is also a genuine concern that due to the present dominance of some big landowners-cum-contractors in several villages, the 'panchayats' have been captured by them in several places and so they try to divert a lot of development resources for themselves. In other areas, 'panchayat' representatives of weaker sections are not allowed to function independently. Officials force them to pay commissions, or else development funds will be delayed or denied to their villages. Some honest 'pradhans' try to resist such demands initially, but when very few development funds reach their village, then they also come under pressure to agree to commission demands so that they can bring enough resources for their villages. In this difficult situation
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At present Panchayat System in India comprise of districts which are the principal subdivision within the state. These districts are further subdivided into taluqs or tehsils areas that contain about 200 to 600 villages. The taluqdar or tehsildar is the chief member of the taluq revenue department and is the preeminent official at this level. Article 40 of the Constitution announces about panchayati system in India. These Panchayats serve as institutions of local self-government. There are recommendations; the popularly elected village council (gram panchayat) is the basic unit. Village council chairs, elected by the members of the village council, serve as members of the block council (panchayat samiti). The district council (zilla parishad ) is the top level of the system. Its jurisdiction includes all village and block councils within districts.