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Q.

Who was the first Caliph / Khalifa of Islam after death of Mohammad pbuh ?

Tags: science, islam, mohammad
Asked by khabardar, 10 Jun '12 11:45 am
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Answers (4)

 
1.

Shortly after Muhammad (pbuh) passed away, Abu-Bakr was elected the first "Khalifa" (Caliph) in Islam. He ruled them until his death.
Source: Islam answering//
Answered by LIPSIKA, 10 Jun '12 11:52 am

 
  
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2.

Abu Bakr
Answered by Anil K Chugh, 10 Jun '12 11:55 am

 
  
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3.

Shortly after Muhammad (pbuh) passed away, Abu-Bakr was elected the first "Khalifa" (Caliph) in Islam. He ruled them until his death and then he was followed by Umar ibn Al-Khattab, then Uthman ibn Affan, then Ali ibn Abi-Talib. These four were later named the four "Rightly Guided Caliphs." Jerusalem was opened by Umar in the year 641 during the period of his rule. He entered into it riding upon a donkey, thus fulfilling the prophesy of Zachariah 9:9 (please see point 43 in the table of section 2.2).
Answered by jameel ahmed, 10 Jun '12 11:51 am

 
  
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4.

Upon the death of the Prophet, Abu Bakr, the friend of the Prophet and the first adult male to embrace Islam, became caliph. Abu Bakr ruled for two years to be succeeded by 'Umar who was caliph for a decade and during whose rule Islam spread extensively east and west conquering the Persian empire, Syria and Egypt. It was 'Umar who marched on foot at the end of the Muslim army into Jerusalem and ordered the protection of Christian sites. 'Umar also established the first public treasury and a sophisticated financial administration. He established many of the basic practices of Islamic government.
'Umar was succeeded by 'Uthman who ruled for some twelve years during which time the Islamic expansion continued. He is also known as the caliph who had the definitive text of the Noble Quran copied and sent to the four corners of the Islamic world. He was in turn succeeded by 'Ali who is known to this day for his eloquent sermons and letters, and also for his bravery. With his death the rule ...more
Answered by hazir jawab, 10 Jun '12 11:48 am

 
  
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