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Q.

What are sadar diwani adalat and sadar nizamat adalat?

Asked by sai tejaswini, 15 Apr '09 10:33 am
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Answers (2)

 
1.

High Court originated historically from the High Courts Act of 1861. During the Company rule there was a Supreme Court in Calcutta representing the British crown with its jurisdiction over all Europeans living in Bengal and all native citizens of Calcutta only. The highest court of the company's Bengal kingdom was the Sadar Adalat which had two divisions, Sadar Diwani Adalat and Sadar Nizamat Adalat. The Sadar Adalat represented the Company. The judges of the Sadar Adalat were the members of the Covenanted Civil Service. Though the judges of the Adalat consisted of Europeans, the laws that they administered were essentially Indian. The Sadar Adalat had no jurisdiction over the Europeans nor the Supreme Court over the natives outside of Calcutta. Such a duality of jurisdiction was abolished with the abolition of the east india company in 1858 when the Crown took over the responsibility of administering British India.
Answered by Pardeep kapoor, 15 Apr '09 10:36 am

 
  
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2.

British people
Answered by nathan, 24 Oct '13 09:51 pm

 
  
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