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Q.

There are 7 musical notes (swaras) which are used in ascending and decending orders to produce countless ragas. There are 9 rasas (navarasa). Can someone enlighten me whether all the ragas have been grouped into the 9 rasas. If so, elucidate in which rasa the following ragas are coming : Mohanam, Thodi, Kalyani, Drbari, Arabi, Khamboji, Bairavi, Sindhu Bairavi, Karakapriya, Nayaki, Sankarabaranam, Amrutavarshini. Or else, you can give me a table of few ragas that fall under each rasa.

Asked by Dharmarajan, 16 Nov '08 12:15 pm
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Answers (4)

1.

Dear Dharam ji, first off all, I would like to appreciate the question and try my best to clear your doubts on the subject. We (Hindustani music) have 7 pure (sudhha) notes, 4 flat (komal) notes & 1 sharp (tivra) note.altogther 12 notes we have in an octave. We dont require all 7 notes always in ascending and descending (Aroh & Avroh) According to the principle of raga, its required to have minimum 5 notes to compose a raga. Ragas are not exactly based on navaras but each and every note has its own ras (feelings /mood) according to the theory of Pt.Bharat Muni .These terms are very difficult to express in English or any other language . So using few Hindi words for perfection. Sa & Re = veer,adbhut rudra,bhav,utsah,vismay aur krodh Ga & Ni = karun,bhav,shok Ma & Pa = shringar, hasya,bhav,rati, ananda Dha = bibhatsa,bhayanak,bhav aur bhay. A phrase of notes (pakad or Mukhya anga) and many other specific combinations of notes of a particular raga can give us ...more
Answered by joyesh chakraborty, 16 Nov '08 02:43 pm

 
  
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2.

There is no compersion in these notes........... compare kana to bahut galat hai...... each
Answered by abhishek srivastava, 16 Nov '08 09:33 pm

 
  
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3.

It is not lke ragas are based on nava rasas. but some ragas can create some mood and some ragas are when sung in certain time of the day is very auspicious.Like bhoopalam in dawn bcz it brings success and satisfaction.Ragas for various moods/rasas are: 1. Happiness: Kalyani, kambhoji, Kapi, Madhyamavathi, Navroj,Purvikalyani, shahana, shankarabharanam, etc. 2. Sadness: Ahari,Ananda bhairavi, Mukhari, Nadhanamakriya,Nattakurinji, Punnagavarali, etc. 3. Karuna:Ananda bhairavi, Adana, 4. Shringara: Adana, Kalyani, Kambhoji, Malahari 5. Veera: Thodi, Bilahari, Bhairavi, Kambhoji, Kedaragaula, Panthuvarali 6. Adbhuth: Dhanyasi 7. Bhakti: Hindolam, Malahari, Mohanam, Neelambari (can be sung as a lullaby), Sriragam 8. Daya (request): Saurashtram
Answered by Muktha Radhakrishnan, 16 Nov '08 01:00 pm

 
  
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4.

Well sir I even don't knew this much. I mean the information you gave in your question, so sorry I may not be able to answer that and I think it is hard that you may find someone with so deep knowledge in Indian classical music in this forum. Well your knowledge in Indian music is commendable.
Answered by anubhav bhargava, 16 Nov '08 12:22 pm

 
  
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