Modern Civilisation to Europe was introduced through
A - Cardoba Spain
If Leon or Navarre or Barcelona governors needed a surgeon, engineer, or architect, tailor, or musician they would only go to Cordova.
The thinker Leopold Weiss or Muhammad Asad underlined the role of Cordova in paving the way for the age of renaissance, saying: We would not be exaggerating if we said: The modern scientific age in which we live did not start in European cities, but in Islamic centers; in Damascus, Baghdad, Cairo, and Cordova.
Speaking about Andalusia in general as a bridge between Islamic civilization and the West, Sigrid Hunke says: The Pyrnes Mountains were not to prevent these contacts. Therefore, the Arab, Andalusian civilization found its way to the West.
She adds: The torch of Arab civilization was carried across Andalusia by thousands of European captives who returned from Cordova and Zaragoza and the other Andalusian culture centers. Also, the traders of Leon, Genoa, Venice, and Nuremberg played the role of mediator between ...more