Which is the first weather satelllite?
The first weather satellite to be considered a success was TIROS-1, launched by NASA on 1 April 1960. TIROS operated for 78 days and proved to be much more successful than Vanguard 2. TIROS paved the way for the Nimbus program, whose technology and findings are the heritage of most of the Earth-observing satellites NASA and NOAA have launched since then.
In 1957, people from the U.S. Armys Advanced Research Projects Administration (ARPA) at Huntsville, Alabama, that included the eminent rocket scientist, Werner von Braun, approached us at the RCA Laboratories in Princeton, NJ, concerning the possibility of designing and building an orbiting spacecraft that could photograph the geographic environs of the Soviet Union. After a short study we found that we could, and we subsequently received a performance contract to build it. My assignment was to develop the antenna system for receiving commands from the ground stations and also for transmitting the pictures obtained by the cameras on-board the spacecraft back to the ground stations. After progressing with the project to the point of being close to testing the prototype, our contract was suddenly terminated. It seems that Congress had just learned of this project, which had been classified as top secret, and ordered it stopped, beca ...more