India is the most flood affected nation in the world after Bangladesh. It accounts for one fifth (1/5) of global deaths due to floods and on an average thirty million people are evacuated every year. So floods, in India are not a new phenomenon. Unprecedented floods take place every year in one state or other state of the country. The vulnerability of states or union territories of India due to floods was not observed severely in the past due to low developmental activities and population pressure. However, in the present time, unabated population and high rate of developmental activities forced on the occupation of flood plains and making the society highly vulnerable for flood losses.
Other factors like lack of adequate refugee sites above flood levels, accessible routes for reaching at sites, lack of public Information about escape routes and other appropriate response activities renders communities more vulnerable.
The protected area (32 m.ha.) is also vulnerable to f