The Ashmolean Museum, in Oxford, England, was the first museum in the world. It opened in 1683 to display the collection of natural history exhibits, coins, weapons and other items belonging to the collector and antiquary Elias Ashmole.
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The Uffizi is the first systematic, organized exhibit in the world. It is called Uffizi because the building originally contained the offices of the magistrates of the Medici government. The foundation and development of the collections at the Uffizi are inextricably connected to the fortunes of the Medici family, the lords and dukes of Florence.