QUIZ -WHO IS considered "the first anthropologist" and the father of Indology,wrote detailed comparative studies on the anthropology of peoples, religions and cultures in the Middle East, Mediterranean and South Asia.?
Al-Biruni is regarded as one of the greatest scholars of the medieval Islamic era and was well versed in physics, mathematics, astronomy, and natural sciences, and also distinguished himself as a historian, chronologist and linguist.. He is given the titles the "founder of Indology" and the "first anthropologist"
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The accounts of the Arab Al Biruni on wealth and grandeur of Somnath temple impressed Mahmud of Ghazni. Mahmud destroyed and looted the temple, killing over fifty thousand people who tried to defend it . Mahmud personally broke the gilded lingam to pieces and took them back to his homeland and placed them in the steps leading to the newly built Jamiah Masjid, so that they would be stepped upon by those going to the mosque to pray.