Officially named the Warsaw Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance , the Warsaw Pact was an organization of communist states in Central and Eastern Europe. It was established on 14 May 1955 in Warsaw, Poland. The treaty was signed in Warsaw on May 14, 1955 and official copies were made in Russian, Polish, Czech and German. This treaty was modeled on the NATO treaty, in that there was a political Consultative Committee, followed by a civilian secretary general, while down the chain of command there was a military commander in chief and a combined staff, although the similarities between the two international organizations ended there.
Authors and people alike did not believe that the Iron Curtain would ever be lifted. Here Malcolm Mackintosh is quoted as saying: The Eastern European governments will never fall, the Warsaw Pact is to stay.
The pact was created to counter NATO and West Germany. Hungary, East Germany, Albania, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Romania, Poland a