A new type of El Nino called El Nino Modoki appeared in the news. In this context, consider the following statements:
1. Normal El Nino forms in the Central Pacific ocean whereas El Nino Modoki forms in Eastern Pacific ocean.
2. Normal El Nino results in diminished hurricanes in the Atlantic ocean but El Nino Modoki results in a greater number of hurricanes with greater frequency.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
" While typical El Ninos are indicated by warming ocean waters in the Eastern Pacific, El Nino Modoki is the warming of ocean waters in the Central Pacific. Warmer water in the Central Pacific indicates greater potential for hurricanes. At this time, the exact cause for the change is not yet known and could possibly be a natural variation. The article further discusses climatic study findings in which Peter Webster, professor at Georgia Tech's School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, states, "Normally, El Nino results in diminished hurricanes in the Atlantic, but this new type is resulting in a greater number of hurricanes with greater frequency and more potential to make landfall."