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Q.

What were salient features of JIZYA TAX collected during Alamgir Aurangzeb reign ?

Tags: tax, salient features, aurangzeb
Asked by Ignorants, 07 Jan '12 04:57 pm
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Answers (5)

1.

The Jizya tax is unfair. It establishes a prejudist system of taxation where one group of people, the Muslims, pay a certain tax called Zakat. If that same group of people were not Muslims, they would have paid a different tax called Jizya. Jizya is also a prejudist system of taxation because it prevents a group of people from joining the military and its highest ranking officials. That same group is also prevented from taking high political positions in the state based on their religious background.
Answered by LIPSIKA, 07 Jan '12 05:26 pm

 
  
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2.

Aurangzeb's imposition ofthe jizya tax which had drawn severe criticism from many Hindu historians. It is true that jizya was lifted during the reign of Akbar and Jahangir and that Aurangzeb later reinstated this. Before I delve into the subject of Aurangzeb's jizya tax, or taxing the non-Muslims, it is worthwhile to point out that jizya is nothing more than a war tax which was collected only from able-bodied young non-Muslim male citizens living in a Muslim country who did not want to volunteer for the defense of the country. That is, no such tax was collected from non-Muslims who volunteered to defend the country. This tax was not collected from women, and neither from immature males nor from disabled or old male citizens. For payment of such taxes, it became incumbent upon the Muslim government to protect the life, property and wealth of its non-Muslim citizens. If for any reason the government failed to protect its citizens, especially during a war, the taxable amount was returned. ...more
Answered by azam khan, 07 Jan '12 05:06 pm

 
  
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3.

Jizyah or jizya () is the extra tax imposed on non-Muslims (Dhimmis) who live under Muslim rule according to the Qur'an and hadith:
Fight those who believe not in Allah nor the Last Day, nor hold forbidden that which hath been forbidden by Allah and His Messenger, nor acknowledge the religion of Truth, (even if they are) of the People of the Book, until they pay the Jizyah with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued.
Qur'an 9:29
"I call you to God and to Islam. If you respond to the call, then you are Muslims: You obtain the benefits they enjoy and take up the responsibilities they bear. If you refuse, then you must pay the jizyah. If you refuse the jizyah, I will bring against you tribes of people who are more eager for death than you are for life. We will then fight you until God decides between us and you." (Al Tabari, Volume XI)
Khalid bin Al-Waheed (Muslim General, 632AD)
Summon the people to God; those who respond to your call, accept it from them, but those who ref ...more
Answered by Stone Heart, 07 Jan '12 05:01 pm

 
  
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4.

Now let us deal with Aurangzeb's imposition ofthe jizya tax which had drawn severe criticism from many Hindu historians. It is true that jizya was lifted during the reign of Akbar and Jahangir and that Aurangzeb later reinstated this. Before I delve into the subject of Aurangzeb's jizya tax, or taxing the non-Muslims, it is worthwhile to point out that jizya is nothing more than a war tax which was collected only from able-bodied young non-Muslim male citizens living in a Muslim country who did not want to volunteer for the defense of the country. That is, no such tax was collected from non-Muslims who volunteered to defend the country. This tax was not collected from women, and neither from immature males nor from disabled or old male citizens. For payment of such taxes, it became incumbent upon the Muslim government to protect the life, property and wealth of its non-Muslim citizens. If for any reason the government failed to protect its citizens, especially during a war, the taxable ...more
Answered by truth exposed, 07 Jan '12 04:58 pm

 
  
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5.

It was a curse and most unlawful and illegal tax.
Answered by HEMANT MEHTA, 07 Jan '12 04:58 pm

 
  
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