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Q.

Describe the formation of petroleum ?

Asked by sujata, 17 Aug '08 02:00 pm
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1.

Petroleum (L. petroleum < Gr. &#960;&#949;&#964;&#961;&#941;&#955;& #945;&#953;&#959;&#957; lit. "rock oil" was first used in 1556 in a treatise published by the German mineralogist Georg Bauer, known as Georgius Agricola is a naturally occurring, flammable liquid found in rock formations in the Earth consisting of a complex mixture of hydrocarbons of various molecular weights, plus other organic compounds.

The proportion of hydrocarbons in the mixture is highly variable and ranges from as much as 97% by weight in the lighter oils to as little as 50% in the heavier oils and bitumens.

The hydrocarbons in crude oil are mostly alkanes, cycloalkanes and various aromatic hydrocarbons while the other organic compounds contain nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur, and trace amounts of metals such as iron, nickel, copper and vanadium. The exact molecular composition varies widely from formation to formation but the proportion of chemical eleme ...more
Answered by Jairam Kshirasagar, 17 Aug '08 02:03 pm

 
  
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Underground
Answered by myshade, 17 Aug '08 02:06 pm

 
  
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