In 1768, James Cook was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant and commanded the HM Bark Endeavour for the first of three voyages he would make to the Pacific Ocean. What was the mission of this historically important first voyage (1768-1771)?
To circumnavigate the globe
To obtain breadfruit plants from Tahiti
To observe the transit of Venus across the Sun
To join the fleet in a battle against the Spanish Armada