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Q.

Identify the Contributions of Al-Razi (Rhazes) in field of Medicine, Ophthalmology, Smallpox, Chemistry and Astronomy.?

Tags: careers, education, medicine
Asked by truth exposed, 31 Jan '13 02:33 pm
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Answers (4)

1.

Razi made fundamental and enduring contributions to the fields of medicine, alchemy, music, and philosophy, recorded in over two hundred books and articles in various fields of science. He was well-versed in Ancient Persian, Greek and Ancient Indian medical knowledge and made numerous advances in medicine through own observations and discoveries.
Educated in music, mathematics, philosophy, and metaphysics, he chose medicine as his professional field. As a physician, he was an early proponent of experimental medicine and has been described as the father of pediatrics. He was also a pioneer of ophthalmology. He was among the first to use Humoralism to distinguish one contagious disease from another. In particular, Razi was the first physician to distinguish smallpox and measles through his clinical characterization of the two diseases. He became chief physician of Rey and Baghdad hospitals.
Answered by LIPSIKA, 31 Jan '13 02:36 pm

 
  
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2.

It needs some hours and pages to write about his contribution in a nut shell I can say a greatest personality on this planet in the field of Medicine, Opthalmology Small pox Chemistry last but not least Astronomy:
Razi became famous in his native city as a physician. He became Director of the hospital of Rey (Cf. ibn Juljul, al-Qifti, ibn abi Usaibi'ah), during the reign of Mansur ibn Ishaq ibn Ahmad ibn Asad who was Governor of Rey from 290-296 AH (902-908 C.E.) on behalf of his cousin Ahmad ibn Isma'il ibn Ahmad, second Samanian ruler. Razi dedicated his al-Tibb al-'Mansuri to Mansur ibn Ishaq ibn Ahmad, which was verified in a handwritten manuscript of his book. This was refuted by ibn al-Nadim', but al-Qifti and ibn abi Usaibi'ah confirmed that the named Mansur was indeed Mansur ibn Isma'il who died in 365 AH (975 C.E.). Razi moved from Rey to Baghdad during Caliph Muktafi's reign (approx. 289-295 AH (901-907 C.E.)) where he again held a position as Chief Director of a hospital.
Answered by jameel ahmed, 31 Jan '13 02:44 pm

 
  
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3.

Abu-Bakr Muhammad Ibn-Zakariya Al Razi . From an early age, he loved the study of science and scholarly discipline. In Rayy he studied law, medicine, and philosophy, but this did not satisfy his craving for knowledge. Although the city was full of scientists and scholars, it was not a city that embraced all the earth sciences at that time.
Al Razi was also interested in other sciences related to medicine such as chemistry and herbal medicine. He was interested in philosophy because it included the views of Greek philosophers, who were also students of medicine with his main teacher in philosophy, al-Balkhiyy. Al Razi, may Allah have mercy on him, devoted many years of his life, to learning all that he could about medicine until he excelled noticeably in that field.
Answered by Ataur Rahman, 31 Jan '13 02:34 pm

 
  
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