Who was Alhazen and his works?
2. Ibn al-Haytham proved that light travels in straight lines using the scientific method by carrying out various experiments with lenses , mirrors , refraction , and reflection in his Book of Optics (1021). Ibn al-Haytham was a pioneer in many areas of science, making significant contributions in varying disciplines. His pioneering work on number theory, analyti c geometry, and the link between algebra and geometry, also had an influence on Ren Descartes's (1596-1650) geometric analysis and Isaa ...more
David L. Shenkenberg writes in an article titled, Before Newton, there was Alhazen, for Photonix.com:
A millennium ago, an Arab scientist authored more than 100 works on optics, astronomy, mathematics and religious philosophy. Although he was arguably one of the greatest scientists of all time, his name is little known to people living in Western countries today.
If we read all the works of Alhazen, Roger Bacon from 14th century and Sir Isaac Newton side by side, we may realize that a lot of work attributed to Sir Isaac Newton tru ...more
He is frequently referred to as Ibn al-Haytham, and sometimes as al-Basri after his birthplace in the city of Basra. He was also nicknamed Ptolemaeus Secundus ("Ptolemy the Second") or simply "The Physicist" in medieval Europe.
Born circa 965, in Basra, present-day Iraq, he lived mainly in Cairo, Egypt, dying there at age 74. Over-confident about practical application of his mathematical knowledge, he assumed that he could regulate the floods of the Nile. After being ordered by Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, the sixth ...more
Ibn al-Haytham is regarded as the "father of modern optics" for his influential Book of Optics, which correctly explained and proved the modern intromission theory of vision, and for his experiments on optics, including experiments on lenses, mirrors, refraction, reflection, and the dispersion of light into its constituent colours. He studied binocular vision and the moon illusion, described the finite speed and rectilinear propagation of light and and argued that rays of light are streams of corpuscular energy particlestravelling in straight lines.] Due to his formulation of a modern quantitative, empirical and experimental approach to physics and science, he is considered the pioneer of the modern scientif ...more