Linda Buck and Lisa Randall are by far the most popular.
I'm adding Biology: Barbara Weiss. I heard her on NPR this morning -- she was talking about her memory research with catepillars and moths - published at PLoS.
The Urban Scientist !!
Laurie Santos, Yale. Psycology. Helped author the recent article "The Origins of Cognitive Dissonance: Evidence From Children and Monkeys" !!
Eve Marder, Biologist and Neuroscientist, Brandeis !!
Nora Volkow, current head of the National Institute for Drug Addiction (NIDA) at the NIH.
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Maria Mayer was a German physicist. She is known for determining the shell structure of the atom and the shell configuration, wherein the electrons are positioned. It is her model that is used by most of the teachers within the classroom, to explain the composition of the atom. To the surprise of many, Mayer also assisted on the atomic bomb project and was awarded a Nobel Prize for her contribution in the separation of the isotopes of uranium.(coutesy : Googles)