1) 1770 Captain James Cook sights the eastern coast of what is now Australia.
2) 1782 John Adams secures the Dutch Republic's recognition of the United States as an independent government. The house which he had purchased in The Hague, Netherlands becomes the first American embassy.
3) 1971 Launch of Salyut 1, the first space station.
4) 1975 India's first satellite Aryabhata is launched.
5) 2011 Fidel Castro resigns from the Communist Party of Cuba's central committee after 45 years of holding the title.
6) Today is world bicycle day
7) Birth days of Maria Sharapova and Jason Gillespie