According to the legends the Gods & Goddesses pleaded with Lord Brahma to create another Veda which would be simpler for the common man to understand. Lord Brahma created the Panchamaveda, an essence of the four other vedas. It is believed he has taken Pathya(words) from the Rigveda, Abhinaya (gesture) from Samaveda & Rasa(sentiment & emotional element) from the Atharvaveda. After creating this he gave it to Sage Bharatha & asked him to popularise this on Earth. What did this lead to?
Lil more on answer of BHARATNATYAM.... .Its Sodasa Upacharas ("sixteen hospitalities") among which are music and dance, as outlined in Gandharva Veda. Thus, many Hindu temples traditionally maintained complements of trained musicians and dancers, as did Indian rulers