Who guided Christopher Columbus,Magellan and and Da Gamma on their explorations ?
Spain was ruled by Muslims under the banner of Islam for over 700 years. By the 15th century of the Gregorian calendar the rulership of Islam had been seated in Spain and Muslims had established centers of learning which commanded respect all over the known world at that time. There were no "Dark Ages" such the rest of Europe experienced for the Muslims in Spain and those who lived there with them. In January of 1492 Muslim Spain capitulated to Catholic Rome under King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella. By July of the same year, Muslims were instrumental in helping navigate Christopher Colombus to the Carribean South of Florida.
It was, moreover, with the help of Muslim navigators and their inventions that Magellan was able to traverse the Cape of Good Hope, and Da Gamma and Columbus had Muslim navigators on board their ships.
Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) who discovered the Americas on his voyage to find a new path to the East Indies literally rewrote the history of the World. He opened the New World to the Old World and many good and bad things stemmed from that significant journey.
Most of the dramatic discoveries in terms of new lands and cultures happened in the 15th through the 17th century and at this time many European monarchs funded the trips of explorers. The hope was that the explorers would find new paths to wealth and glory. There are several famous explorers from this period. Vasco da Gama (1469-1524) and Amerigo Vespucci (1454-1512) from Portugal and Italy helped their respective monarchs by establishing new paths to two different corners of the world. Then there were men like Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521) and Sir Francis Drake (1540-1597) who re-established the ground rules of sea travel and adventure by sailing around the world. The Spaniard Hernando Cortes (1485-1547) is we ...more